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At Panshanger Primary School we follow the National Curriculum Programmes of study for History, and it is our aim that in History our pupils:-

  • know and understand British history as a sequence of time periods from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world
  • know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; characteristic features of past non-European societies and their achievements
  • gain an understanding of terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’ and ‘parliament’
  • understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses
  • understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used to make historical claims and consider how interpretations of the past have been constructed
  • understand the connections between local, regional, national and international history

 In Key Stage 1 children should:

  • develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time
  • know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods
  • ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events
  • understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented

In Key Stage 2 children should:

  • continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history
  • note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms
  • answer and devise questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance
  • understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources

Overview of learning themes for KS1 and KS2


Changes within living memory, such as toys and homes

Significant events beyond living memory – the Great Fire of London and The Gunpowder Plot

The lives of significant people – Samuel Pepys, Neil Armstrong and Christopher Columbus

Significant historical events, people and places in our locality

Year 3

Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age

The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain

A study of the Romans in our locality

Year 4

Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots

An overview of the achievements of the earliest civilizations

 A study of Ancient Egypt

Victorian Children

Year 5

The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

The Aztecs

A non-European society – Early Islam/Baghdad

Year 6

British History beyond 1066 – World War Two

Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world

Beyond Face Value – looking at pictures and portraits