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At Panshanger Primary School we follow the National Curriculum Programmes of study for History, and it is our aim that in History our pupils:-

  • know and understand British history as a sequence of time periods from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world
  • know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; characteristic features of past non-European societies and their achievements
  • gain an understanding of terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’ and ‘parliament’
  • understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses
  • understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used to make historical claims and consider how interpretations of the past have been constructed
  • understand the connections between local, regional, national and international history

 In Key Stage 1 children should:

  • develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time
  • know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods
  • ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events
  • understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented

In Key Stage 2 children should:

  • continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history
  • note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms
  • answer and devise questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance
  • understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources

Overview of learning themes for KS1 and KS2


Changes within living memory

Significant events beyond living memory, such as the Great Fire of London and the first aeroplane flight

The lives of significant people, such as Samuel Pepys and Neil Armstrong

Significant historical events, people and places in our locality- this will be linked to Hatfield House

Year 3

Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age

The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain

A study of the Romans in our locality

Year 4

Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots

An overview of the achievements of the earliest civilizations

 A study of Ancient Egypt

Year 5

The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

A non-European society  – Mayan Civilisation

Year 6

British History beyond 1066 – World War Two

Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world