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Science


At Panshanger Primary School we follow the National Curriculum Programmes of study for Science, and it is our aim that in Science our pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

In key Stage 1 children will learn to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:

  • asking simple questions and recognising that they can be answered in different ways
  • observing closely, using simple equipment
  • performing simple tests
  • identifying and classifying
  • using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions
  • gathering and recording data to help in answering questions.

In Lower Key Stage 2 children will learn to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:

  • asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests
  • making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers
  • gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions
  • recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables
  • reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions
  • using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions
  • identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes
  • using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.

In Upper Key Stage 2 children will learn to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:

  • planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
  • taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate
  • recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs
  • using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests
  • reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations
  • identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

These skills will be achieved through studying a range of topics; Forces, Plants, Animals including Humans, Animals and their Habitats, Electricity, Materials, Light and Sound.

Overview of themes in each year group

Key Stage 1
Year 1 Year 2

In the garden

Common animals, parts & diets

Everyday materials

Weather & seasons

Seeds & bulbs

Growth, survival & health

Living, dead, never alive; habitats

Uses of everyday materials Electricity

Lower Key Stage 2
Year 3 Year 4

Parts of plants & growth

Food, diet, skeletons & muscles

Forces & magnets

Shadows & reflections

Rocks, fossils & soils

Digestion, teeth & food chains

Classification & human effects on the environment

Solid, liquid, gas

Circuits & components

Sound

Upper Key Stage 2
These topics are taught across years 5 and 6

Growth & development

Life cycles & reproduction of plants and animals

Dissolving, reactions & separation

Gravity, friction & machines

Solar system

Circulation & health

Classification: plants, animals & microbes

Changing circuits & symbols

How light travels

Evolution, adaptation & inheritance

For more detailed information please visit the termly class newsletters.